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湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗!

  湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗!湘西州的土家族、苗族历史悠久。在历史发展长河中,他们以勤劳和智慧,创造出具有各自民族特点的历史和文化,养成勤劳俭朴、勇敢无畏、诚实爽直、耐艰苦、重感情的民族性格和道德风貌。在土家族、苗族人民日常生活中,无论是居住、服饰、饮食、嫁娶、节庆和文化艺术等各个方面,无不具有各自的风俗习惯和独特民族特色。湘西民俗风情血战麻将现已成为我州旅游招徕中外旅游者的特色项目。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  YI、XIANGXITUJIAHEMIAOZUXISU

血战麻将   1、DIAOJIAOLOU:WEIXIANGXIGEZURENMINYIZHONGCHUANTONGJIANZHUXINGCHENG,YOUCHENG"DIAOLOUZI"。DIAOJIAOLOUWEISHANYESHI"LOUYANGTAI",DANYANXUANTIAO,WUMIANFANQIAO,MING"FEIYAN",TONGFENGXIANGYANG,GANSHUANGQINGXIN。YOUYUZHENGWUCHENGYIZIXING,YEYOUCHENG90℃ZHIJIAOXING。DIAOJIAOLOUWAISHEZOULANG,ERMIANCHENG"ZHUANJIAOLOU",SANMIANCHENG"ZOUMALOU"。LANGANDUOHUAGE, XIANZHUCHENG"DIAOGUA"'HUOWEILIULING、BALENG,HUODIAOCHENGQIUXING、JINGUAXING。ZHU、FANGHAIDIAOYOULONGFENG、XIQUE、HUAHUIDENG。

湘西土家和苗族习俗

血战麻将   MINJIANDIAOJIAOLOUSHANGDUOWEIGUIFANG,WOSHIHUOZHIJIN、DAHUAZHICHU,DICENGWEIGUCANG、CHAIFANG,YEYOUDICENGXIALINXILIU,QUANSHUIDINGDONG,BIEYOUQINGQU。SHANZHAIDIAOJIAOLOUYANYINGZAILVSHUCUIZHUZHONG,FUYOUDAZIRANFENGGUANGMEI。XIANGXIZHOUBUFENZHENLINHEMINJUYEJIANYOUDIAOJIAOLOU,RUJISHOUTONGHEJIE,FENGHUANGTUOJIANGYANAN、WANGCUNGUZHEN、CHADONGBIANCHENGJILONGSHANXICHEHEDENG,LILAIDOUYINQIZHONGWAILVYOUZHEJIDAXINGQU。

  2、HUOTANG:YOUCHENGHUOKENG、HUOCHUANG,WEIXIANGXINONGJIAPOYOUTESEDESHENGHUOCHANGSUO。YIBANWEIZHONGTANGYOUQIANJIAN,PUDILOUBAN,HUOTANGWEIYIZHANGTIAOSHI。HUOTANGNEIZHIZHUTIESANJIAOJIA,BUZHUNJIAOTA。SHANGFANGDIAOKANGJIA,GUALAROU、YEWEI、DOUFU、LAJIAODENG。PINGSHI,QUANJIARENWEIHUOTANGZUOFAN、JUCAN、KAOHUO。KERENZHI,WULUNTUJIA、MIAOZU,JIESHENGQINGYAOKEWEIZUOHUOTANGBIAN,KAOHUOYINCHA;FANSHI,YIDAGUOLAROUHUOYEWEI,YIDAWANMIJIUHUOBAOGUSHAO,PENGWANJUZHU,QILERONGRONG。FANBA、BAIGU、CHANGGE,ZHIZHISHENYE,SHENZHIWEIHUOTANGPUBEIERMIAN。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  MIAOJIAHUOTANG

血战麻将   3、YINSHOUSHI:MIAOZUFUNVYUNANQINGNIANXIAIZHISHIPIN,ZAOXINGJINGMEI,DUOWEIYINZHI。YINSHOUSHIYOUYINGUAN、YINCHAI、ERHUAN、XIANGQUAN、QIANJIAN、SHOUZHUO、YAQIAN、SHIWEIDENG。XIANGQUANYOULUNQUAN、BIANQUAN、PANQUANSANZHONG,ZHONGYOUSILIANGZHIYIJINBUDENG。LUNQUANSILENGTUQI;BIANQUANXINGBIAN,SHANGLOUHUA;PANQUANYIKONGXINYINTIAOPANRAOERCHENG,YOUWUZA、QIZAZHIFEN。

血战麻将   YAQIANJIYINLIAN,YOULIANGKUAILOUKEYINPAIHEDUOGENYINLIANZUCHENG,XIADIAOYAQIAN、WAER、XIAODAO、JINGUACHUIDENG,FENLIANGCENGHUOSANCENG,CENGCIDUOZHEMEI。HOUWEIYONGYINZHIHUACAOTENGYELIANZHUIERCHENGDIAOSHOUHOUBEI。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  XIANGXISHOUGONGYINSHI

  4、JIAQUHUNSU:YIGEWEIMEI,JINGNEITUJIAZU、MIAOZUNANNVXIANGLIAN,DUOYIGEWEIMEI。MIAOZUGENGWEIPUBIAN。MIAOZUQINGNIANNANNVTONGGUOGANCHANG、GANQIU、YINGTAOHUI、TIAOCONGHUIDENGCHANGHEXIANGSHIHOU,SUIKAISHIYUEHUI。YUEHUIYIBANYICAOBIAOWEIJI。YUEHUISHIJIKAISHICHANGGE,XIANCHANG"FANGMINGWENXINGGE",RUTONGXINGBUZAIDUIGE,YIXIONGMEIXIANGCHENG。RUFEITONGXINGZEYIDUIGELEJIEQINGKUANG,JIASHENGANQING。DUOCIYUEHUIDUIGE,SUIYIGEXIANGHUZENGWU、RUXIANGQUAN、SHOUZHUODENG。ZHICI,QINGGANYIDAGAOCHAO。NVFANGZHENXINXIANGAI,YEYIGECIANSHI。SHUANGFANGSIDINGZHONGSHENHOU,NANFANGQINGMEIRENDAONVJIAQIUHUN。

  "TONGZIKAIHUAYIKOUZHONG,ERRENXIANGLIANMOLOUFENG;

  YANZIXIANNIJINBIKOU,CANERTUSIZAIXINZHONG"。

血战麻将   "LANGSHIQINGTENGPAGUOGOU,MEISHIGOUBIANHUASHILIU;

  QINGTENGCHANSHUCHANDAOSI,SHUSITENGGANLIANGBUDIU"。

  5、KUJIA:TUJIAZUHUNSU。XINGUNIANGCHUJIAQIAN,DOUYAOKUJIA,SHAOZESANYE, DUOZEBANYUE。JIESHI,CUNZHAIZHONGXIANGHAOJIEMEIDOULAIPEIKU、DUIKU。KUJIANEIRONGSHIFENFENGFU,YOU"KUFUMU"、"KUCHILINIANGFAN"、"KUZAIHUA"、"KULIGUIMEN"、"MAMEIREN" DENG,LIBIE、LIANNIAN、XIYUE、JIDONGZHIQINGJIAOZHIZAIYIQI。KUJIAGEYUYANZHENQIEZIRAN,QINGGANZHIZHIQIANGLIE,JUSHIZIYOULINGHUO。GEYOUQINGFA,QINGSUIGEQI,LEISUIGEYONG,WEIWANDONGREN,RU"SAOQUANMEI":

  "HOUYUANYOUKELINIANGSHU,

  LIDIELINIANGWUQISHU;

血战麻将   HOUYUANYOUDUOLINIANGHUA,

血战麻将   LILEQIONGJIADAOFUJIA,"

  ZAIRU"MAMEIREN":

血战麻将   "NIZUOMEIRENXIANGHEJIU,

  SHANSHANGHOUZIHONGDEZOU。

  HAOBIWOJIACHANZUIGOU,

  DONGJIAZOULEXIJIAZOU"。

血战麻将   6、LANMENLI:TUJIAZU、MIAOZUHUNSU。TUJIAQINGNIANZAIJIEHUNQIANYITIAN,NANFANGPAIHUAJIAO、LEDUIDENGDUIWUDAONVJIAYINGQIN。NVFANGZAOZAIMENKOUBAIDAZHUOLANZHUMEN。NANFANGZHIMENKOUSHI,NVFANGZHISHIRENYIGESHENGYUNANFANGZHISHIRENJIANGLANMENLI。YIBANWEIPANWENXINGMING?WEIHEERLAI?ZOUHANLU、SHUILU?"HUNYANGENBA"DENG,NANFANGZHISHIRENDAQINGCHU,NVFANGYIZHUOKAIMEN,QINGJIEQINDUIWUJINWU;NANFANGRUODABUSHANGJISUANSHU,DENACHU"SANCHA"、"LIULI"(JIEWEIHONGBAO)JIBAOXIAOJI、SHUTOUYOU、MENGTOUPADENGLIPIN,QINGNVFANGKAIMENJINWU。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗!

  MIAOZULANMENLIYUCIDATONGXIAOYI,BAISHANGZHUOZIGUANSHANGMEN,RUONANFANGDABUSHANG,ZEJIANGHONGBAOCONGMENFENGSAIJINQU,QIUZHURENKAIMENYINGJIE,DANNANFANGQUANQUANDAIBIAO'GUANQINLANG"XUXIANCONGFANGZHUOXIAZUANJINQU。

血战麻将   7、ZHAO"MOMI":TUJIAZUHUNSU。JIEQINDUICHIGUOJIUFAN,TIANJIANGMAHEISHI,PEIJIADEGUNIANGYITUZAISHOUSHANGDEGUODIHUIXIANGTAMENRENWEISHI"MOMI"(DAITIXINLANGYINGQINDENANQINGNIAN)DERENLIANSHANGMOQU。DUOBIBUJIDE,BEIMOCHENGYIGEHEIHUALIAN,TAYOUYONGSHOUJIANGLIANSHANGGUOHUIMOXIALAIWANGGUNIANGLIANSHANGFANMOGUOQU。NANNVXIXUE,NAOCHENGYITUAN,PANGGUANZHEXIAODEQIANYANGHOUFAN,ERZHEN"MOMI"QUEBUYUANSHOUMO,DUOZAIHUAJIAOBIANHUOLAORENBEIHOU,YINWEI,WEIHUNGUNIANGBUZHUNJIEJINHUAJIAO,BUZHUNDARAOLAOREN。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  HUNSU

  8、JIEQINGMINSU:SHEBARIBAISHOUTUJIAZUXISU。JIZAIMEINIANCHUNJIEQIJIANJUXINGDEDAXINGJISIHUODONG,YOU"DABAISHOU"、 "XIAOBASHOU"ZHIFEN。DABAISHOUZAIBAISHOUTANGJUXING。BAISHOUTANGQIANKUANPINGZHONGSHUYIGAO24MIDEQIGAN,LIANGMIANLONGFENGQIYINGFENGZHAOZHAN,DINGDUANYIZHIBAIHEZHENCHIYUFEI。JIESHI,GEZHAIFENBIEZUCHENGLONGFENGQIDUI、JISIDUI、WUDUI、XIAOQIDUI、LEDUI、PIJIADUI、PAOZHANGDUIDENG。ZHIBAISHOUTANGQIAN,GEDUIYICI"CHUANGJIAJINTANG"、"SAOXIEANSHEN"、"JISHENXIANGONG",SUIYIPAIPAO、YAOHESHENG,SICHUNLEIBANDEDALUODAGUYINCHUQUANCHANGFEITENGDEDABAISHOUWU。XIAOBAISHOUYIBANZAIZHAINEIPINGCHANGJUXING。NEIRONGYIZHI,CHANGMIANJIAOXIAO。JIESHIHAICHUANCHABIAOYAN"MAOGUSI"WU。

血战麻将   9、GANQIU:GANQIUWEIXIANGXIMIAOZURENMINDECHUANTONGJIERI。MEINIANLIQIURIJUXING,GANQIURI,SIXIANGBAZHAIBAIXINGQIJIQIUCHANG,DUODAWANRENYISHANG。RENMENCHANGMIAOGE,CHUISUONA,WUSHIZI、DAHUAGU、DAHOUERGU、SHANGDAOTI、DANGBARENQIU,RENAOYICHANG。BARENQIUXINGSIFANGCHE,GAOYUE8MI,YICUMUZHICHENG,SHANGSHEBAGEQIUQIAN,MEICHUKEZUO1-2REN。BARENQIUYIRENLIZHUANDONG,DANGZHUANDONGYIZHENTINGXIALAISHEIJUYUZUIGAOCHUSHI,JIUYOUSHEICHANGGE。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  GANQIU

  10、ZHUINIUGUSU:ZHUINIUWEIMIAOZURENMINDECHUANTONGXISU。SHIQIAN,ZHURENXUXUANGOUYITOUSIBANGYOUXUAN,ER、YAN、BI、KOU、JIAOJUWANZHENGMEIGUANDESHANGHAOSHUIGUNIU。JIESHI,ZAIKUANPINGZHONGSHUYIGENTUYIWUCAIDELONGFENGHUAZHU,YIMASHENGCHUANNIUBI,XISHANGMIEQUANTAOYUHUAZHUSHANG。JINGJINIUWEISHUI,WUSHIRAOZHUSANQUAN,JIANGSUOBIAOCHUANZHIJIUJIA(CHENGHOUBEIQIN)NIANQINGRENSHOUZHONGSHI,JIZAIZHENTIANDONGDIDELUOGUSHENGZHONGKAISHISHASHUINIU,NIANQINGRENZHUISHABUZHI,NIURAOZHUXUANPAO。ZUIHOU,NIUSHANGKOUPENXUE,DAODIERSI。JIEZHEFENGENIUROU。WANSHANG,YAOJUXINGZHOUbGU、CHANGGE (MIAOYUCHENG"DULE"),TONGXIAODADAN。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  ZHUINIU

血战麻将   11、GELEGUWU

血战麻将   DALIUZI WEITUJIAZUJIYOUTESEDEDAJILE。YISHUANGBO、MALUO、DALUOZUCHENG、RUOJIAJINSUONABIANCHENGWUZIJIAHUO。MEIFENGNIANJIE、XIQING、HUNJIA,LIUZIDADEKENGQIANGXIANGLIANG, RENAOFEIFAN。DALIUZIXIANCUNCHUANTONGQUPAIJINBAIGE,RU'JIPOEDAN"、"BAGEXIZAO"、"LIYUPIAOTAN"、"NIUCAYANG"、"HAMANAOTANG"、"MANFANGCHE"、"XIAZINAOJIE"DENG。YISHUANGBODELIANG、MEN、ROU、JI、KEDENGTESHUDAFAHUISHENG、HUISHEN,WEIMIAOWEIXIAO。JIMINGKUAIRELIE,YOUHUIXIEFENGQU。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,DALIUZIBANSHANGLEWUTAI,DUOCIZAIGUONEISHAOSHUMINZUWENYIHUIYANZHONGHUOJIANG。95NIANFUMEIGUOYANCHU,HONGDONGNIUYUE,XIANYICHENGWEIZHONGWAILVYOUZHELAIXIANGXILVYOUBIBUKESHAOGUANKANDEFENGTURENQINGQUMU。

  CHANGMIAOGE MIAOZURENMINZUIXICHANGGE,YIMIAOGECHUANQINGBIAOYI。YISHOUXIGELINGNIXINQINGSHUCHANG;YISHOUKUGELINGNIXIXUCHUILEI;YISHOUQINGGEZELINGRENRUZUIRUCHI。MIAOGEXUANLVDUTE,JIEZOUZIYOU,ZHUANGSHIYINDUOHUAYIN,BIEYOUYUNWEI。MIAOGEFEN"SHAOWU"(GAOCHANG、 "SHAOSA" (PINGQIANG)LIANGLEI。GAOQIANGGAOKANGJIANG,YOUMEIDONGTING;PINGQIANGYOUYANGYUEER,WANWEILIUCHANG。

血战麻将   12、TIAOMIAOGU:GUWUSHIMIAOZUNANNVLAOSHAOZUIXIAIDEYISHUXINGSHI。FENNVZIDANRENGUWU、NANZIDANRENGUWU、NVZISHUANGRENGUWU、NANZISHUANGCONGGUWU、HOUERGUWUDENG。BANZOUZHEYIGUPENGJIDAGUBIAN,BIAOYANZHEYIGUPENGHUOTUSHOUJIGUMIAN,JIEZOUKEMANKEKUAI,QINGXUJIYUESHI,GUBIANYUGUDIANJICUYOULI,QIFENSHIFENRELIE。NANZIGUWUYINGWUJIAOJIAN,CUGUANGYOULI,DONGZUOYOU"SHOUGEDAGU"、"DAPENGZHANCHI"、"MENGHUXIASHAN"DENG。NVZIGUWUCHUANTONGDONGZUOYOU"MEINVSHUTOU"、"FANGSHAZHIBU"、"TIAOHUAZHIDAI"DENG,WENYAPINGWEN,LINGQIAOXIULI。

  13、XIANGXIMINZUGEWU:XIANGXITUJIAZUMIAOZUSHIYIGENENGGESHANWUDEMINZU,ZAIBAOLIUMINZUGEWUTESEDEQIANTIXIA,YOUZHOUMINZUWUTUANGAIBIANDEMINZUGEWU,RU《AYADAGUQINGFENGNIAN》、《BIZIKADEJIEMU》、《CAIHUAXIE》、《MENGDONGHEDEYUELIANG》、《GANGE》、《MIAOSHANGANQIUGE》、DALIUZI、 《BAGEXIZAO》DENGXIANHOUZAIGUONEIHEGUOJIWUTAISHANGYANCHUBINGHUOJIANG。BINGPEIYANGLEXIANGSONGZUYING、HEJIGUANGDENGYIPIGUANZHONGXIAIDEGECHANGJIA。

  ER、MIAOZU:(ZICHENGGUOXIONG)

  MIAOZUSHIWOGUOZUIGULAODEMINZUZHIYI,RENKOUZHONGDUO,FENBULIAOKUO,YOUZHEGUANGHUICANLANDEMINZULISHIWENHUAJIDUTEDEFENGQINGXISU。

血战麻将   XIANGXIZHOUMIAOZUZHUYAOFENBUZAIHUAYUAN、FENGHUANG、JISHOU、LUXI、GUZHANG、BAOJINGDENGXIANSHI,SHIFENGSUXIGUANBAOLIUJIAOWANZHENGDEYIGEMINZU。

  1、MIAOZUDEJIEQING

  XIANGXIMIAOZUDEJIEQINGJIAODUO,HUODONGGUIMODA。QIZHONGZUIFUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEYOU:

  (1)、GANNIANCHANG。NONGLIZHENGYUE,XIANGXIMIAOZURENMINZUIREXINDESHIGANNIANCHANG,QIRIQIYOUGEDIZIXINGYUEDING。GANNIANCHANGNEITIAN,NANNANNVNV,LAOLAOSHAOSHAO,SHENZHEJIERISHENGZHUANG,HUXIANGYAOYUE,CHENGQUNJIEDUIQUGANCHANG。NIANCHANGSHANG,RENLIURUCHAO,XIXIRANGRANG,YICHANGRENAO。RENMENBUDANKEYIJINXINGWUZHIJIAOLIU,HAIKEYICANJIAHUOGUANKANDAQIUQIAN、WUSHIZI、WANLONGDENG、SHANGDAOTIDENGHUODONG,QINGNIANNANNVYEDUOLIYONGZHEIZHONGJIHUI,WUSEQINGLV、TANQINGSHUOAI。

血战麻将   GELANGGENIANGGENGSHIDAXIANSHENSHOU,SANWUJIEBAN,SHUOGUDAOJIN,YINHANGGAOGE,HUXIANGCHANGHE,HUOPANGEN,HUOZHUHE,HUOXUSHUCHUANTONGGUSHI,HUOJIXINGYANCHANGXINCI。CHANGDERENYUCHANGXINGZHIYUGAO,TINGDERENYUTINGJINGSHENYUZHEN。JISHIDAXUEFENFEI,TIANHANDIDONG,NIANCHANGYEYAORUQIJUXING。

血战麻将   (2)、SANYUESAN。ZHEISHIXIANGXIMIAOZUCHUANTONGGEWUJIE。ZHEIYITIAN,MIAOZURENMINZIDONGJIZHONGDAOYUEDINGDEGECHANGSHANG,CANJIADUIGE、TINGGE、TIAOWU、GUANWU、JINQINGHUANLE。

  (3)、GANQINGMING。ZHEISHIXIANGXIMIAOZUTEYOUDEDAXINGGEJIE,YOUCHENG"QINGMINGGEHUI"。XIANGCHUAN。YINMIAOZUDUOSANJUZAIPIANPIDECHONGSHANJUNLINGZHIZHONG,YIQIERICHANGYONGPINBIXUDAOBIJIAOYUANDEHANQUGANCHANGJIAOHUAN,CHANGCHANGSHOUPIANSHANGDANG。SUOYI,MIAOZURENMINBIANXIANGYUEYIQINGMINGZHEIYITIANZUOWEIZIJIDECHANGQI,HUXIANGJIAOHUANWUZI,TONGSHIHUIJIANQINYOU。ZHEIYANG,JIUERJIUZHI,BIANXINGCHENGLEJINTIANDE"QINGMINGGEHUI"LE。

血战麻将   (4)、SIYUEBA。"SIYUEBA"SHIFENGHUANGXIANLUOCHAOJINGXIANGYIGEXIAOSHANTOUDEMINGCHENG。CHUANSHUOGUDAIYOUYIGEMINGJIAO"YAYI"DEMIAOZUSHOULING,LINGDAOMIAOMINXIANGTONGZHIZHEJINXINGDOUZHENG。TACENGZUZHIGEZHAIMIAOZUTOURENZAIXIANZAIDE"HEXUEAO"DIFANGHEJIXUE,FASHIGONGTONGLIANHE,ZHANDOUDAODI。BINGYUEDINGSIYUEBARIZAIMOUSHANTOUJUZHONGQIYI。

  QIYIHOU,YIJUNLIANLIANHUOSHENG,YIZHIDADAOLESICHUAN、GUIZHOU。DIERNIANDESIYUEBARI,YAYIBUXINGZHANSIZAIGUIYANGSHIDEPENSHUICHIFUJIN。MIAOZURENMINWEILEJINIANZHEIWEIMINZUYINGXIONG,BIANYUMEINIANDESIYUEBAZHEI-TIAN,JUXINGJINIANHUODONG,ZHUISIYAYIDEYEJI,WEIZHANSIZHESAOMU。QINGDAIQIANJIAMIAOMINQIYIHOU,TONGZHIZHEJINZHIXIANGXIMIAOZURENMINJUXINGZHEIYIHUODONG,ZHIMINGMIAOZURENMINSHIQULEYIGEJIQIYOUYIYIDECHUANTONGJIERI。JIEFANGHOUJINGGUOJIAMINWEIPIZHUN,JIANG"SIYUEBA"DINGWEIMIAOZUTONGYIDEJIERI。

  (5)、LIUYUELIU。ZHEISHIYUANGUYISU,SHIMIAOZURENMINJINIANLIUGENANNVZUXIAN,XIWANGZIJIYENENGSHENGLIUNANLIUNV,FANYANHOUDAIDEJIZUHUODONG。MEINIANDENONGLILIUYUECHULIUZHEIYITIAN,FENGHUANGXIANLUOCHAOJINGYIDAIDEMIAOZURENMINDOUYAOZAIGOULIANGSHANSHANGJUXINGSHENGDAGEHUI。LINJINDEHUAYUAN、JISHOUDENGXIANHEGUIZHOUSONGTAO、TONGRENDENGDIDEMIAOZURENMINYEDOUQIANLAICANJIA。DAOHUIRENSHUCHANGCHANGDALIANGSANWANRENZHIDUO。

血战麻将   (6)、QIYUEQI。ZHEISHIMIAOZUDECHUANTONGGUHUI,YIJISHOU、AIZHAIPO、GUZHANGCHUANDONGYIDAIZUIWEILIUXING。MEINIANDENONGLIQIYUEQIRI,MIAOZURENMINBIANCHUANZHEYIXIN,HUANJUGUCHANG,JIJIEQIAOGU,PIANPIANQIWU,ZONGQINGHUANLE。

  2、MIAOZUFUSHI

  XIANGXIMIAOZUDEGUDAIFUSHI,NANNVCHABIEHENXIAO,YILVSHI"SECAIBANLAN";SHANGSHENCHUANHUAYI,XIAZHEBAIZHEQUN,TOUXUZHANGFA,BAOZHESEHUAPA,JIAOZHECHUANXINGHUAXIE,PEIYIGEZHONGYINSHI。 MIAOZUNANZIDEYISHIJIAOWEIJIANDAN;TOUCHANBUPA,SHENCHUANDUIJINYI,YIXIUZHANGERXIAO,KUJIANDUANERDA,XIBAOQINGSEGUOJIAO。TOUPAYOUQINGPAHEHUAPALIANGZHONG,PAZHANGYIZHANGYISHANG,YOUDUOZHISANZHANGDE。CHANDAISHIDUOCHENGXIESHIZIXING,DARUDOULI,YIFUDEYANSEYOUHUAGE,QUANQING、QUANLANDENG,QIZHONGYIHUAGEBUYIZUIYOUTESE。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  YIKOUYIBANWEIQIKE。YOUDEQINGNIANNANZI,WEISHIRENXINXIANZIJIDEFUYOUHEHAOSHUANG,CHUANYIDUODAOQIJIAN。ZUIWAICENGDEYIFUZHIKOUZUIXIABIANDEYIDUINIUKOU,DIERCENGYIFUKOUXIAMIANLIANGDUINIUKOU……YICILEITUI,YIZHIDAOKOUWANWEIZUILICENGDEQIDUINIUKOUWEIZHI。ZHEIYANG,CENGCENGXINYIQUANNENGYOUWAIKANCHU,BIEYOUYIZHONGQINGQU。YUMIAOZUNANZIDEJIANDANYIZHEXIANGFAN,MIAOZUFUNVDEFUSHISHIFENJINGMEIFUZA。

  YINSHI

  (1)、TOUPA:MIAOZUFUNVDETOUPA,YINDIERYI。FENGHUANGXIANJINGNEIDEMIAOZUFUNVDUOJIABAODUANPAYIGONG,ZHANGSANCHIDUO,YOUETOUBAOZHINAOHOU,LIANERDUODOUBAOZAINEIMIAN,HUAYUANDENGXIANJINGNEIDEMIAOZUFUNVXIYONGHEIPA(FUMUQUSHIDAIBAIPA),ZHEDIEZHENGQI,BAODEPINGPINGZHENGZHENG,BUPIANBUXIE,MOWANYIDAO,QIAQIEMEI。JISHOUXIANJINGNEIDEMIAOZUFUNVTOUPAJIAOZA,YUFENGHUANGXIANXIANGJIEDEDIQUBAOHUAPA,YUHUAYUANXIANXIANGLINDEDIQUBAOHEIPA。LUXI,GUZHANGHEJISHOUDONGBUDIQUDEMIAOZUFUNVZEBAOBAISETOUPA。PASHANGXIUYOUSIDUIQINGSEHUADIE,POSUMEIGUAN,DUJUFENGYUN。SUOWEI"TOUSHANGPAZISIGEJIAO,SIGEJIAOSHANGXIUFEIE",SHUODEJIUSHIZHEIZHONGBAIJINBAI。

血战麻将   (2)、SHOUSHI:MIAOZUFUNVDESHOUSHI,ZAOXINGJINGMEI,ZHONGLEIFANDUO。YIZHIZUODEYUANLIAOFEN,YOUJINSHI、YINSHI、TONGSHI、LVSHI。YUSHIDENG,ERYIYINSHIZUIWEIPUBIAN。PEIDAIDEBUFENYOUYINMAO、YINPEN、FENGGUAN、SUSHANERHUAN、XIANGQUAN、SHOUZHUO、JIEZHI、YAQIAN、KOUBANDENG,ERYISHOUZHUOHEJIEZHIBIXUCHANGDAI。CONGZAOXINGSHANGFEN,JINERHUANYIXIANG,JIUYOUGUAZIDIAOERHUAN、SHILIUERHUAN、MEIHUAZHENERHUAN、QUANQUANERHUAN、LONGTOUERHUAN、MEIHUADIAOGUAZIERHUAN、BABAERHUAN、LONGTOUGUAZIDIAOERHUANDENGDENG。

  JIEFANGHOU,YOUYIXIEMIAOHANZAJUDIQU,MIAOZUFUSHISHOUHANZUDEYINGXIANGJIAODA,YIXIEQINGNIANYIGAIZHEHANZHUANG。

  3,MIAOZUYINSHI

  MIAOZUDEYINSHI,YIDAMI、BAOGU、DOULEI、SHULEIWEIZHUSHI,QIZHONGYOUYIDAMI,BAOGUWEIZHU。ZUIJUYOUTESEDESHIASUANYUROU。MIAOZURENMINZHONGHOUHAOKE,SUIRANNIUHUOJIAOWEIJIANKU,DANDUIKERENYIBINGZHICHENG。RUYOUKERENLAIJIA,BULUNCHANGLAIHUOCHUDAO,YIDINGYAOQIANFANGBAIJIYIJIUROUXIANGDAI,JUEBUKESHAO。BINGQIERENWEIMEIYOUYUROULIEDAOZHUOSHANG,BIANJUEDESHIZHURENBUXIANHUI,DUIKERENBUJING。

  YOUYUMIAOXIANGPINGSHIMAIROUBUTAIFANGBIAN,SUOYIYIBANRENJIA,DOUZAISHIQIANZUOHAOZHUNBEI,YIMIANKERENDAOHOULINSHIZHANGLUOBUZHOU。ERYAOBAOCUNBEIYONGYUROU,ZUIHAODEFANGFA,MOFAATAN。SHAZHUZHUOYUHOU,WANGWANGQIECHENGXIAOKUAI,HEYIMIFENXIANGLIAO,JIAYANAZHI,ZHUANGRUTANZHONG,MIFENGTANKOU,DAOLVSHUIQIANSHUIPANNEI,SHIZHIBUTOUKONGQI。JINGLIANGZHOUHOU,YUROUMIFENLVEBIANSUANWEI,BIANKEQUCHUCHAOSHI,WEIMEIYICHANG。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  BAOGUSUAN

血战麻将   SAN、TUJIAZU(ZICHENGBIZIKA)

血战麻将   XIANGXIZHOUTUJIAZUZHUYAOFENBUZAILONGSHANXIAN,YONGSHUNXIAN,GUZHANGXIAN、QICI,BAOJINGXIAN,JISHOUDENGXIAN,ZONGRENKOU80DUOWANREN,ZHANQUANZHOUZONGRENSHU35.17%。 ZAILISHIDEZHANGHEZHONGYOUXIEGUFENGJIUSUZAIBUDUANDEFAZHANBIANHUA,DANSHITIXIANTUJIAZUZHUYAOTEDIANDEFENGQINGXISURENGRANJIAOWEIXITONGMINGXIANDEBAOLIUZHE。

血战麻将   1、TUJIAZUJIERI:TUJIAZUDEJIERIYOUCHUNJIE、QINGMING、SIYUEBA、DUANWU、LIUYUELIU、QIYUEBAN、ZHONGQIU、ZHONGYANGDENG,YOUYICHUNJIE、SIYUEBA、LIUYUELIUWEISHEN。

  CHUNJIEJIGUONIAN,YOUGUOXIAONIANHEGUODANIANZHIFEN。XIAONIANGUODESHILAYUEERSHISI,DANIANYAOBIHANZUTIQIANYITIAN,JIYUEDASHILAYUEERSHIJIU、YUEXIAOERSHIBA。QILAILISHUOFASHENDUO,JUNYUGUDAIZHANZHENGYOUGUAN。WEIRAOGUONIAN,YIJINRULAYUEJIUCAIMAINIANHUO、DABABA、ZUOTUANSAN、SHANIANZHU。ERSHISIGUOXIAONIAN,DASAOYANGCHEN,JINGZAOSHEN。GUODANIANZHEITIAN,WULIWUWAICHASONGBO、MEIHUA,TIEYASUIQIAN(ZHIQIAN)。

  CHINIANFANZUIZHONGYIJIATUANJUBUCUANMEN。ZHONGWUKAISHICHINIANFAN,XISHIZENGZIFAN、FENZHENGROU、"HECAI"。FANQIANMEIRENXIE-TUOROUFANGZAIFANSHANG,CHASHANGKUAIZIXIANJIZU。FANHOU,JIJIAQINJIACHU、GUOSHUWEIMIFAN"GUONIAN"。SANSHIWANSHAOWANGHUOSHOUNIAN,JIJIAOTOUBIANFANGPAOZHUSHOUNIAN,MINGJIAOTOUBIANFANGPAOZHUQIANGNIAN。CHUYICUANMENBAINIAN,YISHIJINGZHONG。ZICHUSANTIAOBAISHOUWU,SHIWUFANGSAN。GUOSHIWUCHIZHUTOU,CAIKAISHIXINYINIANDENONGHUO。

血战麻将   2、SIYUEBA。SIYUEBASHIJINCIYUGUONIANYIGEDAJIE,QILAILI,GEDIDESHUOFABUYI,ZHUYAOCHUANSHUOYOUSAN:YISHUOSIYUEBASHINIUWANGJIE,TUJIAZUXIANMINCENGTUOZHENIUWEIBAGUOHETUOLIXIANJING。GUZHEITIANYAORANGNIUXIGENG,BINGWEIYIJINGSILIAO;ERSHUOTUJIAZUXIANMINYOUCHANGDEYANYUANSHUI、YOUSHUIERSHANGLAIXIANGXIDINGJUSHI,YOUDESHISIYUECHUBADAODA,YOUDESHISIYUESHIBARIDAODA。WEIJINIANDAODADEZHEIYITIAN,YIHOUJIUFENBIEGUOJIE;SANSHUOSIYUEBARISHIJIPOPOSHENJIAMAOCHONGDERIZI,QIQIUMOQIBINGCHONGHAI,BAOHUWUGUFENGDENG。

血战麻将   3、LIUYUELIU。ZHEISHITUJIAZU.YOUYIGEDAJIE。"LIUYUELIUSHITUJIAGUOXIAONIAN",JUXINGYISIZUXIANWEIZHUDEBAISHOUHUODONG。JIERILAILICHUANSHUOBUYI:YISHUOLIUYUELIUSHIBACHULEJIADEGUMAJIEHUILAI"HEFU":ERSHISHUOJINIANTUJIAZUZUXIANLAIXIANGXIDINGJUDERIZI;SANSHIJIAOWEIPUBIANDESHUOFA,CHUANSHUOZHEIYITIANSHIMAOGANGTUSI、TUJIAZUYINGXIONGTAN MENGNANRI,TAN BEIHAI,SIDEHENCAN,BUJINXUERANZHENGPAO,ERQIEBEIBOLEPI,WEILEJINIANTAN WANG,TUJIAZURENJIAJIAHUHUZAILIUYUELIUZHEIYITIAN"SHAILONGPAO"。TUJIAGEDIGUOLIUYUELIUDEXINGSHIDATONGXIAOYI,DANSHILIUYUELIUJINIANTAN YUHAIDESHUOFAJISHIYIZHIDE。

  4、TUJIAZUFUSHI

  XIANGXITUJIAZUFUSHI,SUISHIDAIFAZHANERBUDUANBIANHUA。"TUSISHI,NANNVFUSHIBUFEN,JIEWEIYISHI,TOUGUOCIHUAJINPA,YIQUNJINXIUHUABIAN"。NANNV"XICHUIERQUAN,LIANGERLEIRAN,YOUYOUXIANGQUAN、SHOUQUAN"。BULIAODUOWEI"JIAJIBU",XIUYIWUCAIBANLANZHISE,SHICHENGXIBU、TONGJIN、TUJIN,XIANCHENGTUJIAZHIJIN。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  TUJIAFUSHI

  5、TUJIAZUYINSHI

血战麻将   TUJIAZUDIQUSHANDUOTIANSHAO,SHILIANGYIDAOGU、YUMIWEIZHU,ZAYIXIAOMI、HONGTIAOHEYANGYU。ZHUFANYIBANSHIYONGTIEDINGGUANJIAZAIHUOKENGLIDETIESANJIAOJIASHANGZHUSHU,ZAOFANGZHISHIZAIRETIANHUORENKEDUODESHIHOUSHIYONG。FANSHIPINZHONGHENDUO,TUJIAZURENZUIAICHIDESHIBABA,ZUIJUTESEDESHISUANLAZIHEZAOLAZI。SUANLAZISHIJIANGHONGXIANLAJIAOBANYUMICHONGXIFENLI,ZHUANGYUPUSHUITANZHONG,BANYUEHOUKESHI,SHIFAYOUGANCHAO、SHUIZHU;ZAOLAZISHIJIANGHONGXIANJIAOQIESUI,JIASHENGJIANG、HUAJIAOHEYAN,MIFENGTANZHONG,JIKEZHIJIESHIHE,YOUKEZUOZUOLIAO。SUANCAI, SHITUJIAZUCHANGYONGDEDAZONGCAI。

  JIHUGEZHONGSHUCAIDOUKEYIZHICHENGSUANCAI,RUQINGCAISUAN、LUOBUSUAN、YANGJIANGSUAN、JIANGDOUSUAN、DADOUCAISUAN、BAOGUSUAN;ROUYUZHILEIJIADIANNUOMIFENHUOXIAOMIFEN,FANGRUTANZHONGMIFENG,ZHICHENGSUANYU、SUANROU、SUANCHANGZI,YONGYOUJIANCHAO,SHIFENKEKOU。SUANCAIKAIWEIZHUXIAOHUA,SHENSHOUTUJIARENDEXIAIDECAISHI。JIHUJIAJIAHUHUDOUYOUJIGEHUOSHIDUOGESUANCAITANZI,YINIANDAOTOU,CANCANBULISUAN。

湘西民俗之风土人情与习俗

  LAROU,GENGSHITUJIARENZUIXIAIDECAISHI,JINRENLAYUE,JIAJIAHUHUSHANIANZHU,YIBANRENJIASHAYITOUHUOJIJIAHESHAYITOU,FUYOUZHIJIASHAERTOU。XIANROUGUOSHIYAN、HUAJIAO、WUXIANGFEN,ZAIGANGNEIA10TIANZUOYOU,GUAZAIKANGSHANGMANMANXUNGAN,XIAJIMAIYUGUDUICHUCUN。QIROUSEHONG,WEIXIANG,SHIFENKEKOU,SHIFENGNIANGUOJIE,KUANDAIGUIBINDEJIACAI。SHIYONGSHIQIECHENGSHOUZHANGDAXIAO,YISHIDAIKEREQING。

  TUJIAYINSHI

血战麻将   TUJIAZUREN"HAOJIU"。FANKEZHIJIA,BIYIJIUZHAODAI;HUNSANGXIQING,BISHEJIUYAN。JIUDEZHONGLEIHENDUO,YOUTIANJIUHEWUGUZALIANGNIANGCHENGDEGEZHONGLIEXINGBAIJIU。

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